Periodontal Disease

The Disease

Periodontal disease is caused by bacterial infection. In its early stages, it is called gingivitis and is both preventable and reversible. In a recent National Institute of Health survey, 47 percent of the males and 37 percent of females aged 18-64 exhibited some form of gingival bleeding.

If left untreated, gingivitis can lead to periodontal disease, which affects the gum tissue, bone and supporting tissues of the teeth.

Warning Signs

- Bad taste in mouth
– Bad breath
– Red or swollen gums
– Tender gums
– Bleeding gums
– Loose teeth
– Sensitive teeth
– Pain when chewing
– Pus around teeth and gums
– Calculus (brown, hard deposits) on tooth surfaces
Prevention

Dental hygienists recommend visiting your oral health care provider regularly; practicing consistent and thorough oral hygiene everyday, eating nutritionally balanced meals, and avoiding smoking and chewing tobacco.